:

1.-

2 - 1985 1996 .

-
14

.

N 1970 1975 1980 1984 1985 1996
1 FRF /USD 5,52 4,4855 4.5160 9.5920 7.5610 5.252
2 FRF /CAD 5,459 4,4131 3,7800 7,2590 5,4103 3,8448
3 FRF /JPY 0,015 0,0147 0,0222 0,0273 0,0377 0,0466
4 FRF /DEM 1,5132 1,7105 2,3052 3,0470 3,0720 3,3818
5 FRF /GBR 13,2133 9,07647 10,7705 11,0929 10,9216 8,7286

1996 1985 :

FRF USD, CAD, GBR 蠠 蠠 .

Š N 10

04.07.98 .

N
1 100 206,81
2 100 141,20
3 1000 14,84
4 100 33,99
5 100 113,94
6 . 100 341,09
7 100 225,50
8 100 275,40

:

1.   .

2.   -

USD/UAH 0,4835
CAD/UAH 0,7082 CAD/USD 0,6828
JPY/UAH 0,0148 JPY/USD 0,0718
FRF/UAH 2,9420 FRF/USD 0,1644
DEM/UAH 0,8777 DEM/USD 0,8777
GBR/UAH 0,2932 GBR/USD 1,6493
XEU/UAH 0,4435 XEU/USD 1,0904
XDR/UAH 0,3631 XDR/USD 1,3317

Š N 11

: 2.01 UAH/$; 1.08 UAH/RUR.

: $1; DM 1; RUR 1.

: 2.03 UAH/$; 1.10 UAH/DM; 0.34 UAH/RUR.

: $2; DM2; RUR2.

:

1. ( .)

2.   - DM/$; RUR/DM; RUR/$.

N /. $1 DM1 RUR1 $2 DM2 RUR2
14 1,950 3,000 7,900 1,700 2,800 7,900

=

= 1950 (2,03 - 2,01) + 3000 (1,1 -1,08) + 7900 (0,34 -0,31) =39+60+237=336 .

=

= 1700 (2,03 - 2,01) + 2800 (1,1 - 1,08) + 7900 (0,34 - 0,31) =34+56+237=327 .

1)   DEM/USD = 0,373 RUR/DEM = 0,870 RUR/USD = 0,542

2)   DEM/USD = 0,419 RUR/DEM = 0,091 RUR/USD = 0,675

N 12

() . , .

:

1)   .

2)   .

14 2,93 3,20 2,90 2,25

1) -

= ------------ * 100%, : -

񠠠 -

% , , .

1

UAH / USD = 2,93; USD / UAH = ------ = 0,34 ; = 0,34

2,93

K = 1 / 3,20 = 0,0,31

0,34 - 0,31

= -------------- * 100% = 8,82 % - .

0,34

2) - 񠠠 ,

=---------- * 100%

񠠠 .

= 1 / 2,25 = 0,44

= 1 / 2,9 = 0,35

0,44 - 0,35

= -------------- * 100% = 25,71 %

0,35

N 13a

12 . 420$. 530 . .

:

1) .

2) DM.

:

1,53 DM/$; 1.23 UAH/DM.

:

DEM = 530 : 1.23 = 430,89 DEM

DEM = 420 1,53 = 642,6 DEM

C 12 = 642,6 12 = 7711,2 DEM

, =

= 7711,2 : 430.89 = 17,9 .

Š N 13

310 . ., 62 . . . $. : 0,5951 . ./$; 1.88 UAH/$.

:

1) $.

2), $.

1) USD = 62 / 0, 5951 = 104,18 . USD

2) UAH / GBR = 1,88 / 0,5951 =3,1591

C GBR = 310/3,1591 = 98,13 . GBR

, USD = 98,13 - 62 = 36,13 . GBR.

Š N 13

2500 . . - ; -$. 1514,92 / $; 1.88 UAH/$.

: .

:

1)C $, .

2) : 2541,6 / .; 0.5951 . / $.

1) C USD = 2500 / 1514,92 = 1,65 . USD

C = 1,65 * 1,88 = 3,102 ..

2) .. = 2500 / 2541,6 = 0,984 ..

USD = 0,984 / 0,5951 = 1,654 . USD

= 1,654 * 1,88 = 3,107 ..

Š N 14

3780 . -$; - . .

1,88 /$; 358,8 . ./$.

- .

:

1) $ . .

2) 349,5 ../$.

1) C = 3780/ 1,88 = 2010,64 USD = 2010,64 * 358,8 = 721417,63 .

2) = 2010,64 349,5 = 702718,68 . .

N 14

ࠠ 2500 ., .

- 2500 DM.

UAH/$ =1,88; DM/$ =1,53.

?

UAH /DEM = 1,88 / 1,53 = 1,2288

C UAH = 2500 x 1,2288 = 3072 UAH

.

Š N 14

- 2540 . .. , 210 . DM.

蠠 $.

5,22 ../$; 1.53 DM/$.

, $.

FRF/DEM = 5,22/1,53 = 3,4118

C DEM = 2540 / 3,4118 = 744,48 . DEM

, USD = 744,48 - 210 = 534, 48 . DEM

Š N 15

.

蠠 :

) t n

) t n1 n1 蠠 t n 2 n 2 .

( ⠠ ):

1)   .

2)   .

tn % t n1% t n2 % n1 n2
14 6 9 8 4 8

n

1) In = ( 1 + t n ) In

12 4 8

a) In = ( 1 +0,06 ) = 2,012; ) In = ( 1 + 0,09 ) + ( 1 + 0,08 ) = 1,411 + 1,851 = 3,262

2) t = ( In - 1 ) * 100%

a) t = (2,012- 1 ) * 100% = 101,2%.; ) t = (3,262- 1 ) * 100% = 226,2%

N 16(1)

. :

500 . 42 % . 䠠 , : 1) 10%; 2) 15 %.

:

i n*m 0,42 6*0,5 3

S = P * ( 1 + ----- ) ; S = 500 * ( 1 + ------ ) = 500 * 1,07 = 612,52

m 6

n

: In = ( 1 + t n )

6 6

1) In = ( 1 + 0,1 ) = 1,61 ; 2) In = ( 1 + 0,15 ) = 2,01

S

: P = ------- ; D = P - S .

In

612,52

1) P = ---------- = 380,45 , D = 380,45 - 612,52 = - 232,07

1,61

612,52

2) P = ---------- = 304,74 , D = 304,74 - 612,52 = - 307,78

2,01

Š N 16 (2)

:

ꠠ 9 ⠠ 堠 2 . . 5%. 4% .

:

1)   .

2)   .

3)   .

n 9

In = P ( 1 + t n ) ; In = ( 1 + 0,05) = 1,55

( 1 + n*i ) * In - 1 i - ;

2) it = ---------------------- * 100% ; it - % ;

n n - (n = 9/12).

( 1 + 0,75*0,04)*1,55 - 1

it = ------------------------------ * 100% = 80%

0,75

3)   S = P * ( 1 + n*it ) ; S = 2000 * ( 1 + 0,75*0,8 ) = 3200 .

4) I = S - P ; I = 3200 - 2000 = 1200 .

Š N 16 (3)

:

45 % 14% . , . 2,03.

:

:

1)   1500 .

2)   .

i n*m

S = P * ( 1 + ----- )

m

0,45 12

1) S = 1500 * ( 1 + ------- ) = 2333,18

12

0,14 12

2)   1500 / 2,03 = 738,92 USD S = 738,98 * ( 1 + ------- ) = 849,27 USD

12

849,27 * 2,03 = 1724,02 .

.

Š N 16 (4)

:

42 % 12% . , . 1500 DM.

: 2,03 UAH/$; 1.11 UAH/DM.

:

:

1)  

2)   .

S = P * ( 1 + i*n ) ;

1)   1500 * 1,11 = 1665 S = 1665 * ( 1 + 0,45 ) = 2364,30 .

2)   1665 / 2,03 = 820,20 USD S = 820,20 * ( 1 + 0,12 ) = 918,624 USD

918,624 * 2,03 = 1864,81 .

.


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